Caviar is defined as the roe of mature sturgeon, and is extracted exclusively from the sturgeon family of fish.
It is also referred to as roe, but this term refers to all fish roe, so Caviar is the name given specifically to sturgeon roe.
Caviar is always spherical in shape, but the color can change, ranging from darker to lighter shades. Depending on the species, they also change size, texture and taste.
All sturgeon species are native to Eurasia, mainly from the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea. At first, sturgeons were caught for their caviar only in Russia and
Iran. However, as a consequence of the increase in caviar prices over the years, and its popularization as a luxury product, overfishing of sturgeons led to a near extinction of several of the species. To prevent its extinction, since 1998 the sturgeon trade is regulated by the CITES Agreement (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). This means that all the caviar that is currently marketed comes from farmed sturgeons. In 2016, the European Commission declared that, in a period of 15 years, the aquaculture production of sturgeons had increased by around 60%, reaching the world production of 105,000 tons.

In TCM Gourmet you can get these delicacies for the best market price. Check our prices and don't wait to enjoy it.

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